The Sports Museum was established on the 20th April 2000 by the Government of the Republic of Slovenia. However, it wasn't until the November 2001 that it actually started operating in the premises situated at the Kopitarjeva ulica Street 4 in Ljubljana, and it was only then that the Slovenian nation finally obtained a proper Sports Museum with the status of a national institution responsible for recording, collecting, protecting, documenting and presenting the rich material heritage from the history of physical culture and sports in Slovenia.
The Museum material consists of approximately 10,000 items donated by numerous sportspersons, collectors and other sport fans. The Museum also incorporated collections stored at the Sports Faculty, together with the Stanko Bloudek heritage; the Planica Collection of Svetozar Gučko; the Collection of the Cycling Federation of Slovenia; the Zdene Vahter Collection; the Collection of the Olympic Committee etc. The Museum houses an extremely rich library, whose main focus is the history of Olympism and Olympic Games.